Ratification

Ratification is the process of voting by members to endorse or reject a proposed collective agreement settlement. Ratification is normally on the basis of 50%+1 of the votes cast in a democratic ballot being in favour of accepting the proposed collective agreement (a higher threshold may be agreed by the members).

The process for ratification is endorsed by a ballot of members held prior to the commencement of negotiations. 

Signing.

A collective agreement may be signed only after it has been ratified by members.